This recipe is part muhammara (roasted peppers + garlic + walnuts) and part pesto (basil + garlic + Parmesan). A few things that influenced my decision to go down this eclectic route – I wanted something that would keep for a while: seven large peppers would make a bigger batch than we would be able to consume in one or two meals. I was also after something with a spread/dip/pasta sauce versatility. Muhammara would be great as a dip, but that didn’t quite cut it. Regular pesto uses pine nuts (I do almonds instead), so using walnuts here for bulk seemed to tie in nicely. A few simple ingredients that make the end result so much more than the sum of its parts.

Versatility was definitely achieved! Use as a dip with crackers, in soups to boost flavour, as a sauce to toss pasta through, and our favourite – slathered on bread, topped with fresh tomatoes, extra cheese and fresh basil, and grilled. Best toastie combo.

Peppers can be roasted in advance. Ask me, I had them roasted and sitting in the fridge for a week before I made up my mind on what to make with them. You’d use oil, typically a lot of oil for both muhammara and pesto but I didn’t add any. The peppers and nuts provided enough moisture to bring it together to a good consistency. If it looks a bit drier than you’d like, add a bit of oil to loosen. Go by eye.



  • 7-8 large red peppers
  • 1 cup basil leaves
  • ¼ cup walnuts
  • 2 small or 1 large clove of garlic
  • ¼ cup grated Parmesan
  • Freshly grated black pepper
  • Salt to taste


  • Preheat oven to 180 C. Place the peppers whole on a baking tray and roast in the oven for 45 minutes. Set aside to cool slightly.
  • Once cool enough to handle, peel off the papery skins and discard. Cut into the pepper, remove seeds and inner white membrane and discard these.
  • Add the peppers and all other ingredients to a blender and blend until nearly smooth but still with a little texture. I like it this way, but blend to a smoother consistency if you prefer. Taste and adjust seasoning. Add a touch of olive oil if it appears too dry.
  • Decant into jars and refrigerate for up to 7 days. Can be frozen for up to 6 months.


Makes approx 1.5 - 2 cups.

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